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Name:                         GVBE (GVBo with EDTA)

Catalog Numbers:      B105        and    B104

Sizes Available:          1000 mL  and    250 mL

Composition:              0.1 % gelatin, 5 mM Veronal, 145 mM NaCl, 0.025 % NaN3,

                                    10 mM EDTA, pH 7.3.

Form:                          Liquid

Buffer:                        Sodium veronal

Preservative:              Sterile filtered with 0.025% sodium azide as a bactericidal agent

Storage:                      +4oC   Avoid freezing which causes gelatin to gel.  If frozen, heat

                                    to redissolve gelatin.

Precautions:               Azide is poisonous to all living organisms.

Origin:                        Manufactured in the USA.


General Description

            GVBE is an isotonic buffer used in complement assays to prevent complement activation or to stop ongoing complement activation when added at the end of an incubation (Morgan, B.P. (2000); Dodds, A.W. and Sim, R.B. (1997)).


Ordering Requirements

            Buffers such as GVB++, GVBo, and GVBE need to be ordered by Friday in order to receive them the next week.  They are shipped Monday afternoon by overnight courier for delivery on Tuesday or Wednesday.  They can usually be used for 3 months after preparation if kept cold @ 4oC.  They are shipped cold, but are not harmed at room temperature and must be warmed to 37oC for assays.


Buffer Components

            EDTA is used in this buffer to chelate calcium and magnesium and thereby inhibit complement activation by all three pathways.  Veronal is used as the buffer because in the mid-1900s this was the only buffer for pH range 7.2-7.4 that did not chelate metal ions and did not inhibit complement reactions as did other buffers.  Sodium chloride is present to provide an isotonic environment so that cells do not lyse due to osmotic pressure.  Gelatin is present to prevent loss of protein components due to adsorption onto tips or tubes during dilutions and in the assays themselves.  Azide is present to prevent bacterial growth.


Physical Characteristics

            The concentration of gelatin in this buffer is below the concentration that forms solid gels.  However, because of the gelatin is close to its gelling concentration at 4oC some strings of gelatin form during standing at this temperature.  They can be redissolved easily by heating to 37oC or by brief heating in a microwave oven.



            GVBE is often used as the buffer added at the end of an assay to stop complement activation and dilute the reaction to levels that can be read spectrophotometrically.  It is also used in setting up control assays where no complement activation should occur (background control assays).



Morgan, B.P. ed. (2000) Complement Methods and Protocols.  Humana Press.


Dodds, A.W. and Sim, R.B. editors (1997). Complement A Practical Approach (ISBN 019963539) Oxford University Press, Oxford.






Complement Technology, Inc.

4801 Troup Hwy, Suite 701

Tyler, Texas  75703  USA

Phone:  903-581-8284

FAX:  903-581-0491

Email:  contactCTI@aol.com

Web:  www.ComplementTech.com